Stars & Bars, Flags, History
J. R. Madden (jmadden@OTB.COM)
Wed, 8 Apr 1998 20:41:59 -0500
I have 'lurked' and I just can't stand it anymore ....
Just a few points for your consideration:
1. Prior to the period 1860 - 1864, the only flag which represented
slavery in the U.S. was the Stars & Stripes.
2. Nearly ten times as many Africans were brought as slaves to Brazil as
were taken to the U.S. However, due to illness and maltreatment, by the
early 1860's, there were twice as many slaves in the U.S. as were in
3. Most of those U.S. ships which actually transported slaves to the U.S.
were not owned by Southerners. The U.S. shipping industry was centered
in New England. The South had no commercial shipping of it own to speak
4. Just as the U.S. national government today resists the growing power of
the world govenmental body, the United Nations, so the Southern states of
1860 felt the need to resist the growing power of the U.S. federal
government. We have simply forgotten how strongly citizens identifed
with their state rather than the nation at that time.
5. The Emancipation Proclamation did not free any slaves. It specifically
states that it applies to those areas of the country which were in a
state of rebellion against the national government -- areas where the
national govenment had no control. It specifically exempts those areas
of the country not in rebellion or under federal control. At the time of
issuance, New Orleans, for instance, was held by federal forces and
therefore no slaves were freed in New Orleans.
6. The cost of a slave was, adjusted for inflation, approximately the cost
of a medium-sized farm tractor today. While it is recognized some
farmers do not maintain their tractors properly, it is also recognized
that, generally speaking, they will not be terribly successful in their
farming venture. Those who take care of their tractors will see a
greater return on their investment in the long run.
7. Slavery was on the way out when Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin.
The economical means to process cotton into usable fibers caused it to
become the cash crop for the South and thereby continued the economic
basis for slavery to continue.
8. Scouting, in all countries were it has grown, reflects the attitudes
and beliefs of those countries. As those attitudes and beliefs change,
Scouting, especially in the U.S. has lagged behind those changes. My
personal belief is that lag is due (1) to the bureaucracy of the National
Office which supports all our endevours and (2) the generally
conservative nature of Scouting itself. For instance, in all countries
where Scouting exists save for two, the Scouting programs are
co-educational; yet to discuss such a change in the U.S. generally brings
a response I would expect had I suggested the BSA endorse slavery!
.... Of course, some of this is fact and some is my opinion. The facts
remain the same while my opinions are subject to revision.
Yours from my current project in Curitiba, Brazil,
J. R. Madden
Terry Howerton Sakima Group, Inc. SCOUTER Magazine Kansas City