Re: Pine cones in camp fire
Ronald W. Fox (us018956@POP3.INTERRAMP.COM)
Tue, 2 Jul 1996 22:21:32 PDT
--- On Tue, 2 Jul 1996 10:23:14 -0500 DeLane Unruh <unruh@SOUTHWIND.NET>
>My wife is program director for Webelos Camp this year. She heard there is
>different solutions you can soak pinecones in to add to campfires to create
>different colors, smokes and ect.. Does anyone have such information?
Soaking the cone in a concentrated solution of various salts will give
you various colors. Salts are made up of cations (metals) and anions
(non-metals). For example, common table salt is sodium chloride.
The cations lend the color, the anions don't matter. Note that the color
given by sodium (yellow) is very intense and will wash out most other colors
if any of it contaminates the solution you use. Dissolve as much salt
as you can in as little water as possible to get the salt solution
concentrated. You might want to soak the cone in pure water first
to take any salts already in it out. Note that if you use softened water,
the water will be loaded with sodium (sodium chloride, or regular table salt)
and you'll have the above problem. Anyway, cations and colors:
Potassium Violet (light coloration)
There are others, but I don't know them off the top of my head.
Make sure that these are pure and don't have any sodium in them.
Go to the pharmacy or the hardware store and buy the appropriate salt.
All salts are made up of cations (the metal) and anions (the non-
metal). The anion doesn't matter: the most common are sulfate, nitrate,
and chloride. Don't use nitrates unless there is no other salt with
that cation, they can be poisonous (potassium and sodium nitrates
are used in explosives).
Cubmaster, Pack 69
Des Plaines Valley Council
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (Ronald W. Fox)
Terry Howerton Sakima Group, Inc. SCOUTER Magazine Kansas City