Jess Olonoff (jolonoff@GATE.NET)
Sun, 8 Oct 1995 19:06:29 -0400
On Sun, 8 Oct 1995, Ted Sarah wrote: what is the proper first aid for
I would question whether you really are asking about dehydration or
perhaps heat-stroke or heat exhaustion but in any case the 1st Aid is get
yourself to a doctor/hospital quickly.
Not BSA but should be accurate just the same here's a description etc.
DEHYDRATION: This term, which really means drying out, describes a
condition in which the body loses too much of its normal fluids and fails
to retain enought for maintenance of adequate circulation, proper
excretion of waste products through the kidneys, and individual cell
function. Small babies show poor tolerance to dehydration, and may go
into coma and die rapidly if it is not corrected.
SYMPTOMS: The dehydrated infant becomes listless and breathes shallowly,
his eyes half closed and appearing sunken; he seems pale an shrunken and
the tongue is dry. Such an infant may excrete urine which is scanty,
infrequent and very concentrated. (This usually is the result of
gastroenteritis-often called intestinal flu-which produces vomiting and
diarrhea; the child has vomited almost everything which he has taken in,
and what little has stayed down seems to run out the other end.)
TREATMENT: In most case the intestinal flu is due to a virus and is
self-limiting, and the patient recovers before he loses too much fluid.
Once dehydration sets in, however, treatment almost always
demands intravenous or subcutaneous fluids, best given in the hospital,
where proper attention can be paid to the minerals in the body, which are
often too low or too high in concentration. Some patients are helped by
anti-vomiting medicines given via the rectum. Other victims of
fluid-loss have been saved from dehydration when given liquids by enema,
for the lower intestine (colon) absorbs fluids easily. If a baby can
urinate at least twice a day, and can play and laugh occasionally, he is
probably not too dehydrated. During the vomiting phase no milk should be
offered; and only water (six ounces with a pinch of salt and a teaspoon
of sugar), cola drinks, gelatin water, and tea are allowed. Any child
who loses large amounts of fluids by vomiting or diarrhea, or both, must
be quickly seen by a doctor.
This info was taken from "Medical Aid Encyclopedia for the Home"
Hope this helps,
Jess Olonoff, CM Pack-206 | Eagle - 1971, T-10 Tulsa, Okla.
Riverglades Elem. - Parkland, Fla. | Tsa-Tsu-Hwa - Ordeal '70, Brthrhd '71
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