Re: Who started GSUSA? Do they credit Baden-Powell?
Lisa Varner (lvarner@FREENET.COLUMBUS.OH.US)
Fri, 24 Mar 1995 14:36:22 -0500
On Thu, 23 Mar 1995, Gino Lucrezi wrote:
> > This new movement was just the sort of thing that appealed to Juliette
> > Low, and soon she was back in Scotland, leading a Guide group of her own.
> > [...]
> > The first troop meeting of Girl Scouts was in Savannah on March 12,
> > 1912. In no time, troops were forming elsewhere. By the time of World
> > War I, there were enough Girl Scouts in the United States to make a real
> > contribution to the war effort. These girls helped to realize Juliette
> > Low's dream of girls' learning to be active, vital citizens of their country
> Why did she choose to found "Girl Scouts" instead of Girl Guides (as they
> were called in UK)?
I don't have the official books in front of me, but I will explain as I
understand it off the top of my head. Please keep in mind the times and a
woman's place in society back then.
Actually she started American Girls with the same principles as GG and had
even brought over the GG handbook, but she later wrote her own handbook.
The object of the Girl Guide movement was to develop the best insticts of
citizenship in its members, a sense of service to others, loyalty to their
King and country and parents, kindness, courtesy and obedience. The Law
of the organization was based upon the ten chivalry laws of ancient
knights and each member promised to faithfully observe the law. Badges
were given to the girls who prove themselves proficient in certain
activities. They were especially encouraged to become effient
home-keepers, wives and mothers.
As I understand it (and yes, I may be wrong, no flames please), Juliette
Low thought these were all important things for a woman to have as goals,
but she also saw a different future for girls, with no limitations to what
they were capable of. She kept most of the basic principles that B-P had
started as these were sounds rules for any person to follow for good
personal growth and development. She did believed women could have careers
and needed to learn more than just homemaking. Although homemaking was
a big part of the program (because Juliette felt a family can only enjoy its
home if it is taken care of so everything runs smoothly), it was expanded to
include many careers woman began to enter such as First Aide, and Nursing
(which was greatly used during the war effort). She believed that the
girls should explore so much more of their capabilities than was actually
open to women in those times. I hear she was a very focused, strong-willed
woman, as well as an accomplished pilot. This led to many girls learning
much about aviation. As times have changed, so has the program, the
addition of many new careers were explored. The program has continued to
grow as the years have passed to create a program that can be most
beneficial to the girls' future and development, and to reflect the times.
And yes, over the years the Girl Guide program has also changed, although
I'm not sure as much as GSUSA. Perhaps someone more knowledgeable on that
side can enlighten us.
I hope this helps.
Lisa Varner << firstname.lastname@example.org >>
Haven't been there. Don't want to go. Don't need another t-shirt!
Terry Howerton Sakima Group, Inc. SCOUTER Magazine Kansas City