Re: Variety of Scouting
Settummanque, the blackeagle (waltoml@WKUVX1.WKU.EDU)
Mon, 22 Nov 1993 20:16:10 CDT
Janez Lovsin <janez.lovsin@UNI-LJ.SI> writes:
>To: INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONER
(I am NOT a "international Commissioner" but I was registered several
times as a "international representative". This information was
compiled using data supplied by Kathie Cervany of Chicago and by
several official publications of our organization)
>1. The name of your association.
Boy Scouts of America (BSA)
>2. How long exists your association?
February 8, 1910 is the date that BSA became chartered by our United
States Congress and is the annual "birthday" of the movement; however,
there has been BSA units organized under the auspices of the Young
Man's Christian Association (YMCA) before 1910. It is agreed however,
that the BSA did not exist before 1908, when William Boyce met Sir
Robert Baden-Powell in England and received information and materials
which aided him and others in this nation to form the BSA.
>3. Total membership, males/females?
Source: 1990-92 Local COuncil Index - 1993 printing
Annual Membership Summary (12/31/92)
Tiger Cubs 367,549
Cub Scouts 952,894
Webelos Scouts 790,190
Boy Scouts 914,304
Varsity Scouts 61,285
TOTAL TRADITIONAL SCOUTS - 3,453,315 - Down 0.4%
>4. List of different age groups: name, age from: to:
Tiger Cubs are first graders (six years old)
Cub Scouts are second, third, fourth and fifth graders (seven to
ten years old).
Cub Scouts spend the first two years working in a Den toward their
Wolf Badge (second graders) and their Bear Badge (third graders).
They spend their last two years in a special Den working on skills
to get them ready for Boy Scouting, called "WEBELOS" (it's a acroymn
meaning "WE'll BE LOyal Scouts"). The highlight is the WEBELOS Cub
Scout receiving the Arrow of Light, the highest award in Cub
Boy Scouts are sixth graders upwards
Boy Scouts spend the first three to five years as part of a
"traditional" Boy Scout Troop, working from Scout (a joining "rank")
through Eagle Palms (for accomphishment of additional skills past the
Eagle rank, the highest rank in Boy Scouting.
At around the ninth or ten grade level, Scouts have the option of
joining a Varsity Team (which emphasizes atheltic and service
activities) or a Venture Crew (which emphaisizes outdoor adventure
activities and events). They may still work toward Eagle or toward
specialized badges and insignia geared toward those older boys.
Varsity and Venture Scouts are allowed to have activities which
involve female youth, but female youth are NOT allowed to serve as
Explorers are ninth graders upwards or 15 years of age regardless
of grade until 21 years old.
Explorers are members of a Post or Ship, and it is here that the first
co-ed program of the BSA is conducted. Explorer Posts and Sea
Explorer Ships focus on a specific area of interest, according to the
desires and interests of those members. It can be a hobby, a vocation or a
service interest. Explorers can work toward the Exploring Achievement
Award, the only "advancement award" that ALL Explorers, regardless of
interest or area can earn. There is a special set of awards that
those interested in Law Enforcement may earn as well as a traditional
"rank" structure for those interested in nautical areas. The Sea
Exploring program offers the Ordinary, Able and Quartermaster ranks
for their youth members to earn.
Career Awareness Exploring is a program which is designed to
introduce several areas of "exploration" each school year ON SCHOOL
TIME. High school students sign up for this program like they do any
other class program or option, and attend seminars either at school or
in the community hosted by a business or organization. "Seminar
leaders" are appointed by the advisor or may be elected by the entire
group. Career Awareness Explorers (CAE) may also earn the Exploring
Acheivement Award and if there is enough interest, may spin-off
interest in a area into a "traditional" Explorer post or ship.
>4.1. What was (is) the reason for such a system in age?
The BSA programs recently moved from a age grouping to a grade school
grouping in recognition of the fact that the chronlogical age of a
youth member is NOT a true indicator of the ability of the youth.
Some of the programs (the Boy Scouting and Exploring programs) are
traditional in that the age groups are approximate to those of other
nation's Scouting programs.
>4.2. Membership in different age groups?
(see breakdown in youth leadership above)
>5.1. Short description of the system of the education of leaders
All leaders initially receive some type of orientation training. This
is presently in the form of special videotapes and worksheets which
explain the position in thumbnail sketch form and allows the leader to
function until they attend a basic training course. The basic courses
(for Cub Scout leaders, Boy Scout leaders, Varsity Scout leaders, or
Exploring leaders) allow for a more detailed introduction into service
as adult leaders. The Commissioner Basic course allows in three
sessions instruction on how to work with and deal with units and unit
leaders and how to give effective unit service. The Exploring Service
Team Course does the same for those whom work with Exploring units.
The advanced courses are offered presently for Cub Scouter trainers,
Boy Scout leaders, Varsity Scout leaders and Commissioners of those
units (Woodbadge) and for Exploring leaders and service team members
and chairs (Exploring Advanced Seminar, in the western part of the USA
called the Exploring Leadership Institute). The purposes of those courses
are to allow for a more in-depth experience in how to motivate youth and
adults to work better, more productively and how to experience the Scouting
>5.2. Are there a different types of leaders (education, service,
There are basically six types of leaders of Scouting units in this
country: There are professionals, adminstrative volunteers,
coordinating volunteers, unit leaders and assistants and support
leaders and youth leaders.
Each of our Districts and all of our Councils have professional
"executive secretaries" that do much of the administration and support
arrangements for the vast numbers of volunteers. They run the
offices, push the paper and arrange for the facilities to run the
activities and events of the District and Council. It is a very small
number nationally, around 3000 (and falling as local Councils are
Administrative volunteers are those elected or appointed by those
elected to represent Districts, Councils, Areas, Regional or the
National Council. Most of those are elected by their peers in the
various sections; however a large number are appointed to serve on
commmitees at the local Council and higher level to administer the
various programs and to support the efforts of the volunteer in the
Coordinating volunteers are those found in the local Council and are
mainly committee-related people. They coordinate the training, unit
support, activities and other program-related items for the volunteers
in the unit. There is one large group of coordinating volunteers that
are found in each unit: the Chartered Organization Representative.
This person coordinates the Scouting program(s) for their
organization, since each organization receives the equal of a
"license" to operate and maintain one or more Scouting programs in a
communuity. Other coordinating volunteers arrange for ongoing training
programs, called "Roundtables", "Huddles" or "Exchanges" depending on
program (Cub and Scout leaders have Roundtables; Varsity leaders have
Huddles; and Exploring leaders have Exchanges).
Unit leaders and Assistants are the folks that REALLY make the program
work. It varies from unit to unit: Cub Scouting units have at least
five leaders and may go upwards of 15 or so total leaders; Boy
Scouting and Varsity Scouting have at least seven leaders and may go
upwards to about 10 or so (dependent on how large the unit's youth
membership is); Exploring leaders start at five and may only go upward
to 8 total.
Support leaders are the lay committees at the local unit level that
arrange all of the support arrangements for the continued progress of
the unit. This is where you will find the Committee chairs, the members
of the Committees, and in Exploring units, consultants to those units.
Youth leaders are the ones that are the IMPLEMENTORS of the Scouting
programs. They are the elected or appointed members that either
assist or lead the operation of the unit. In Cub Scouting units the
Denner and Assistant Denner assist the Den Leader and Assistant in
their work; in Boy Scouting units, the Senior Patrol Leader and his
Assistant run and operate the Troop; in Varsity units, the Team
Captain and Co/assistant Captains run and operate the Team; the
Venture Crew Chief does the same for Venture Crews; and the Post
President or Ship Boatswain does the same for Explorer Posts and
Ships. Exploring has elected or appointed positions at the the local
Council and District levels; and at the Area, Regional and National
>6. Adults in Scouting
>6.1. What is the interpretation of this term in your
I don't fully understand the question, but I believe what you are
asking here is what do we define as a "adult member" of our
The BSA defines a adult at the age of 18 years of age for all
Assistant positions in Cub Scout and Boy Scout units; and 21 for all
other adult leadership positions. ( This is a change from a short time
back where we had all assistant leaders 18 or above and all primary
leaders 21 or above).
>6.2. How do you include parents of the children into the work
>of groups or association?
Many of the leaders of the various units are parents of youth members
enrolled in the program. The BSA encourages entire families
(including extended families, blended families, and single-adult
families) to become involved in the program. Cub Scouts have to have
a family member to "sign off" completed requirements; Boy Scouts and
Explorers depend upon other adults outside the unit (in many cases
parents of other youth members) to work with and complete merit badges
and other activity awards with. Scouting in the USA is truly a
>6.3. What is a policy of your association about joining elder
>(age 40+) persons, without previous Scouting experience, to the
>leadership staff of scout units?
The same as any other adult member. There is no upper age limit on
adults serving as Scouters.
Settummanque, the blackeagle... (MAJ) Mike L. Walton (
AIS/MR Recreation Specialist, Lifeskills Inc. ___)_
(h) 502-782-7992 (f) 502-781-7279 (w) 502-842-2274 |-=-|]
3201-D Cave Springs Avenue -- Greenwood, KY 42104-4439 -=====-
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"Not speaking for Lifeskills, Inc. or WKU...but I do speak well!!"
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